Faculty perspectives on interprofessional collaborations between occupational therapy and industrial design
AbstractIncorporating a user-centred approach to universal design solutions improves functionality and access for a more diverse group of individuals to engage with end products within everyday environments successfully. Interprofessional collaborations between industrial design and occupational therapy are one approach that integrates a user-centred universal design perspective throughout the design process, as occupational therapists have unique expertise in understanding how individuals participate in activities and engage with everyday products and environments. This qualitative ethnographic inquiry explored faculty perspectives (n=5) involved in interprofessional academic collaborations between design and occupational therapy at the university level in the Northeastern United States. Five themes emerged: 1) “Benefits of Collaboration:” Improving the Design Process; 2) “Benefits of a Mutual Approach:”: Supporting Design Learning; 3) Interprofessional Awareness and Education Approaches “Help and Hinder” Collaboration Efforts; 4) Benefits and Challenges to Accessing: “Navigation of the Obstacle Course”; and 5) “Minding the Gap:” Professional Education and Training. Findings suggest that interprofessional collaborations between occupational therapy and industrial design via an embedded model positively impact design outcomes and influence student and faculty learning during the design process, clarify educational objectives, and prepare student industrial designers for future professional practice.
American Occupational Therapy Association. (2020). Occupational therapy practice framework: Domain and Process (4th Edition). American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 74(Supplement 2), 7412410010p1–7412410010p87. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2020.74S2001
Amiri, T., Wagenfeld, A., & Reynolds, L. (2017). User well-being: an entry point for collaboration between occupational therapy and design. Design for Health, 1(2), 187-193. https://doi.org/10.1080/24735132.2017.1386367
Boman, I., Nygard, L., Rosenberg, L. (2014). Users’ and professionals’ contributions in the process of designing an easy-to-use videophone for people with dementia. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, 9(2), 164-172. https://doi.org/10.3109/17483107.2013.769124
Bogza, L.M., Patry-Lebeau, C., Farmanova, E., Witteman, H.O., Elliott, J., Stolee, P.,…Giguere, A. (2020). User-centered design and evaluation of a web-based decision aid for older adults living with mild cognitive impairment and their healthcare providers: Mixed methods study. Journal of Medical Internet Research , 22 (8), 1-23. https://www.jmir.org/2020/8/e17406
Brown, R., Mollo, K., Peterson, M., Avery, M., Schneider, E., & Corlett, T. (2021). Insights from an inaugural eight-month interprofessional collaborative co-design educational experience between occupational therapy and industrial design. Journal of Accessibility and Design for All, 11(21), 148-177. doi: https://doi.org/10.17411/jacces.v.11i1.296
Buccianico, G.D., Gregori, M., & Rossi, E. (2012). Designing from activities: The “ability/difficulty table”, a useful tool to detect the “limit users” in the Design for All approach. Work, 41, 1362-1367. https://doi.org/10.3233/WOR-2012-0325-1362
Carmel-Gilfilen, C., & Portillo, M. (2016). Designing with empathy: humanizing narratives for inspired healthcare experiences. HERD, 9(2), 130–146. https://doi.org/10.1177/1937586715592633
De Couvreur, L., Detand, J., Dejonghe, W., & Goossens, R. (2012). Expect the unexpected: The co-construction of assistive artifacts. In J. Brassett, P. Hekkert, G. Ludden, M. Malpass, & J. McDonnell (Eds.), Proceedings of the 8th international conference on design and emotion. Presented at the Proceedings of the 8th International conference on Design and Emotion, London, UK: Central Saint Martins, University of the Arts. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/289731263_Expect_the_unexpected_the_co-construction_of_assistive_artifacts
De Couvreur, L., & Goossens, R. (2011). Design for (every)one: Co-creation as a bridge between universal design and rehabilitation engineering. CoDesign, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.1080/15710882.2011.609890
Driver, A., Peralta, C., & Moultrie, J. (2011). Exploring how industrial designers can contribute to scientific research. International Journal of Design, 5(1), 17-28. Retrieved from: http://www.ijdesign.org/index.php/IJDesign/article/view/834/326
Dong, H. (2010). Strategies for teaching inclusive design. Journal of Engineering Design, 21(2), 237-251. https://doi.org/10.1080/09544820903262330
Grace, S. (2021). Models of interprofessional education for healthcare students: a scoping review, Journal of Interprofessional Care, 35:5, 771-783. https://doi.org/10.1080/13561820.2020.1767045
Hitch, D., Larkin, H., Watchorn, V., & Ang, S. (2012). Community mobility in the context of universal design: Inter-professional collaboration and education. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 59, 375-383. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1630.2011.00965.x
Hu, W., Hu, Y., Lyu, Y., & Chen, Y. (2021). Research on integrated innovation design education for cultivating the innovative and entrepreneurial ability of industrial design professionals. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.693216
Ielegems, E., Herssens, J., & Vanrie, J. (2016). User knowledge creation in universal design processes. Advances in Design for Inclusion, 141-154. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-41962-6
Larkin, H., Hitch, D., Watchorn, V., Ang, S., & Stagnitti, K. (2013). Readiness for interprofessional learning: A cross-faculty comparison between architecture and occupational therapy students. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 27(5), 413-419. https://doi.org/10.3109/13561820.2013.779233
Lee, S.J. (2016). Innovations for human-centered technologies in the home. American Occupational Therapy Association Health and Wellness Special Interest Quarterly.
Luna, D., Quispe, M., Gonzalez, Z., Alemrares, A., Risk, M., Aurelio, M.G., & Otero, C. (2015). User-centered design to develop clinical applications. Literature review. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 216, 967. https://doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-564-7-967
McDonagh, D., & Thomas, J. (2013). Innovating alongside designers. The Australasian Medical Journal, 6(1), 29–35. https://doi.org/10.4066/amj.2013.1586
Medola, F. O., Sandnes, F. E., Ferrari, A., & Rodrigues, A. (2018). Strategies for developing students' empathy and awareness for the needs of people with disabilities: Contributions to design education. Studies in health technology and informatics, 256, 137–147. https://doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-923-2-137
Mollo, K.S., Avery, M. (2017). The occupational designer: New frontiers in teaching and clinical practice. OT Practice, 22(19). https://www.aota.org/~/media/Corporate/Files/Publications/CE-Articles/CE-Article-October-2017.pdf
Murphy, L., Panczykowski, H., Fleury, L. & Sudano. B. (2020) Implementation of universal design for learning in occupational therapy education. Occupational Therapy In Health Care, 34(4), 291-306, https://doi.org/10.1080/07380577.2020.1780663
Norman, D.A., & Draper, S.W. (1986). User centered system design: New perspectives on human-centered interaction. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Associates Inc.
Orfield, S. (2018). Designing for aging and dementia. International Facility Management Association, July/August, 48-51. http://fmj.ifma.org/publication/?i=508951&article_id=3127155&view=articleBrowser&ver=html5
Pirinen, A. (2016). The barriers and enablers of co-design for services. International Journal of Design, 10(3), 27-42. http://www.ijdesign.org/index.php/IJDesign/article/view/2575/750
Reeves, S., Fletcher, S., Barr, H., Birch, I., Boet, S., Davies, N.,…Kitto, S. (2016). A BEME systematic review of the effects of interprofessional education: BEME Guide No. 39. Medical Teacher, 38 (7), 656-668. https://doi.org/10.3109/0142159X.2016.1173663
Sanders, L., & Stappers, P.J., (2008). Co-creation and the new landscapes of design. Codesign, 4(1), 5-18. https://doi.org/10.1080/15710880701875068
Sanders, L., & Stappers, P.J. (2014). From designing to co-designing to collective dreaming: Three slices in time. Interactions, 21(6), 24-33. https://doi.org/10.1145/2670616
Schell, B., Gillen, G., & Scaffa, M. (2014). Willard & Spackman’s occupational therapy (12th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippencott, Williams, & Wilkins.
Silver, J.K., Binder, D.S., Zubcevik, N., & Zafonte, R.D. (2016). Healthcare hackathons provide educational and innovation opportunities: a case study and best practice recommendations. Journal of Medical Systems, 40. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10916-016-0532-3
Tsekleves, E., & Cooper, R. (2017). Emerging trends and the way forward in design in healthcare: an expert’s perspective. The Design Journal, 20(sup1), S2258–S2272. https://doi.org/10.1080/14606925.2017.1352742
Wagenfeld, A., Reynolds, L., & Amiri, T. (2017). Exploring the value of interprofessional collaboration between occupational therapy and design: a pilot survey study. The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy, 5(3). doi: https://doi.org/10.15453/2168-6408.1354
Watchorn, V., Hitch, D., Grant, C., Tucker, R., Aedy, K., Ang, S., & Frawley, P. (2019). An integrated literature review of the current discourse around universal design in the built environment – is occupation the missing link? Disability and Rehabilitation, 43(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2019.1612471
World Health Organization. (2010). Framework for action on interprofessional education and collaborative practice. Geneva: WHO. http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/70185/WHO_HRH_HPN_10.3_eng.pdf;jsessionid=DFAF20780427D2EC69521FAB2FF9A0ED?sequence=1
Vaisson, G., Provencher, T., Dugas, M., Trottier, M., Dansokho, S., Colquhoun, H.,… Witteman, H. (2021). User involvement in the design development of patient decision aids and other personal health tools: A systematic review. Medical decision making, 41(3), 261-274. https://doi.org/10.1177/0272989X20984134
Veryzer, R. W., & Borja de Mozota, B. (2005). The Impact of user-oriented design on new product development: An examination of fundamental relationships*. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 22(2), 128–143. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0737-6782.2005.00110.x
Young, D., Wagenfeld, A., & Vander Veen Rocker, H. (2019). Universal design and the built environment: Occupational therapy and interprofessional design teams - a scoping review. Annals of International Occupational Therapy 2(4), 186-203. https://doi.org/10.3928/24761222-20190625-04
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Kimberly Mollo, BFA, OTD, OTR/L, Madalyn Peterson OTD, OTR/L, Rebecca Brown OTD, OTR/L
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share or adapt the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. Use of the work for commercial purposes are not allowed.
- Authors are able to publish the journal's published version of the work in other media (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as far as they inform the Journal of Accessibility and Design for All of that fact. When publishing their work in other sources, authors must mention the name of the Journal of Accessibility and Design for All, its ISSN, the number and issue in which the article was published and a link to the main page of the Journal of Accessibility and Design for All. Optionally, they can also include a link to the article published in the Journal of Accessibility and Design for All.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website), as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.