• Lluís Ribas Xirgo Department of Microelectronics and Electronic Systems, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (Bellaterra)
  • Francisco López-Varquiel Department of Microelectronics and Electronic Systems, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (Bellaterra)



DIY (Do It Yourself) accessibility device, HCI (Human Computer Interface), interfaces and techniques for information access, user adaptability.


A great deal of human-machine interaction depends on hands, and so does access to information technology services. People unable to use hands do require special devices that replace computer mice or touchscreens. In this paper, we present a building kit for a full-featured computer mouse that is controlled by head movements. The resulting kit includes an easy-to-find bill of materials, instructions to build the device and to use it. The experiments conducted with already built devices showed that it works pretty well for most people after a short period of adaptation.

Author Biography

Lluís Ribas Xirgo, Department of Microelectronics and Electronic Systems, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (Bellaterra)

Microelectronics and Electronic Systems Department, Associate Professor.


Bahena-Salgado, Y., & Bernal-Márquez, J. N. (2007). Calidad de vida de los pacientes con paraplejía secundaria a lesión vertebral traumática. Acta Ortopédica Mexicana, 21(1), 3-7.

Breen, R., & Gerasimov, V. (2008). Inertial Sensor Input Device, Pat. App. 20080211768. 09/04/2008.

Bureau, M., Azkoitia, J. M., Ezmendi, G., Manterola, I., Zabaleta, H., Perez, M., & Medina, J. (2007, June). Non-invasive, wireless and universal interface for the control of peripheral devices by means of head movements. In Rehabilitation Robotics, 2007. ICORR 2007. IEEE 10th International Conference on (pp. 124-131). IEEE.

Graveleau, V., Mirenkov, N., & Nikishkov, G. (2005). A head-controlled user interface. In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Humans and computers (pp. 306-311).

Hoffman, C. (2013). How to Connect Mice, Keyboards, and Gamepads to an Android Phone or Tablet. How-To Geek. Retrieved from

Instituto Nacional de Estadística. (2008, November). Encuesta de Discapacidad, Autonomía personal y situaciones de Dependencia (EDAD). Retrieved from

Ishimatsu, T., Irie, N., & Takami, O. (1997, August). Computer interface device for handicapped people using head movement. In Communications, Computers and Signal Processing, 1997. 10 Years PACRIM 1987-1997-Networking the Pacific Rim. 1997 IEEE Pacific Rim Conference on (Vol. 1, pp. 273-276). IEEE.

Jara, M. (2011). Afirman que los nervios dañados de la médula espinal ¡pueden recuperarse! Discovery DSalud, No. 139. Retrieved from

Karns, J. (2011). How to Connect a Bluetooth Mouse and Keyboard to your iPad (or iPhone)! Tablets, Wonder How To. Retrieved from]

Kee, E. (2012, February). Samsung eyeCAN mouse for disabled folk. Übergizmo. Retrieved from

LoPresti, E.F. (2001). Effect of Neck Range of Motion Limitations on the Use of Head Controls. Extended abstracts on Human factors in computing systems (CHI’01). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 75–76.

Mauri Loba, C. (2008). Enable Viacam. Retrieved from

Mónaco, N.A., & Ponieman N.B. (2008). Emulador de Mouse – EyeMouse. Degree thesis. ORT Argentina. Belgrano. Retrieved from

Palleja, T., Rubion, E., Teixidó, M., Tresánchez, M., Fernández del Viso, A., Rebate, C., & Palacín, J. (2008). Using the Optical Flow to Implement a Relative Virtual Mouse controlled by Head Movements. Journal of Universal Computer Science, 14, 3127–3141.

Panneta, K. (2013, August). Why the computer mouse will soon be obsolete. ECN Magazine. Retrieved from


Pereira, C.A.M., Neto, R.B., Reynaldo, A.C., Luzo, M.C.M., & Oliveira, R.P. (2009). Development and evaluation of a head-controlled human-computer interface with mouse-like functions for physically disabled users. Clinics. 64(10).

Ranta, C.S., Bathiche, S.N., & Chatterjee, M. (2006, October). Wearable computer pointing device. Microsoft Corp. US Pat. App. 20080084385.

Ribas-Xirgo, Ll., & López-Varquiel, F. (2015, September). DIY computer mouse for special needs people. Proc. of the XVI Int’l. Conf. on Human Computer Interaction (Interacción '15). ACM, New York, NY, USA, Article 27. DOI=

Rodgers, A.G., Higgins, R.F., Gagnon, S.T., & Farr, J.C. (2010, May). Head-mounted pointing and control device. Alken, Inc. Pat. No. US 7,710,395 B2.

Schenck, S. (2014). Windows Phone 8.1 could support USB HID class; get your accessories ready. PocketNow. Retrieved from 2014/02/13/wp8-1-usb-hid-support

Schmid, O., Baettig, A., & Schmid, C. (2003, May). Dispositif a fonction de souris d’ordinateur. Pat. WO2002EP12091, Pri. CH20010002024.

Teixidó, M., Palleja, T., Tresánchez, M., Font, D. Moreno, J., Fernández del Viso, A., Rebate, C., & Palacín, J. (2013). Optimization of the virtual mouse HeadMouse to foster its classroom use by children with physical disabilities. Advances in Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence Journal, 7, 1-7. Retrieved from

Tong, K. (2000, March). Head Operated Computer Pointer. Pat. App. WO0017849 (A1).




How to Cite

Ribas Xirgo, L., & López-Varquiel, F. (2017). ACCELEROMETER-BASED COMPUTER MOUSE FOR PEOPLE WITH SPECIAL NEEDS. Journal of Accessibility and Design for All, 7(1), 1–20.