How to interweave accessibility with didactic and technological quality of digital educational materials

  • Lourdes Moreno Computer Science Department, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Leganés (Madrid), Spain. lmoreno@inf.uc3m.es https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9021-2546
  • Ana María Fernández-Pampillón Department of Linguistics, School of Philology, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid. Spain. apampi@filol.ucm.es https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6606-0159
  • Antonio Sarasa Universidad Complutense de Madrid Dpto. Sistemas Informáticos y Computación http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3698-7954
  • Covadonga Rodrigo Department of Computer Languages and Systems, School of Computer Science, Uni-versidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain. covadon-ga@lsi.uned.es
  • Julián García-Villalobos Directorate for Education, Employment and Cultural Promotion. Spanish National Or-ganisation for the Blind (Organización Nacional de Ciegos Españoles, ONCE), Madrid, Spain. jgav@once.es
  • Yolanda González Freelance Web Accessibility. ygonzalezmar@gmail.com https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7123-4432
  • Ricardo García-Mata Computer Services and Research Support, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Ma-drid, Spain. rgarcia@ucm.es

Abstract

Accessibility is a quality requirement for digital educational materials (or contents) in interactive learning environments. It ensures that students with disabilities do not face barriers when using such content. However, guaranteeing the accessibility of these materials is no easy task, at least for a significant part of the producers, evaluators, and users of educational materials, such as teachers. Proof of this can be found in the results of the case studies on the usability and reliability of technological accessibility evaluation standards conducted by Spanish Association for Standardisation (UNE) during the development of the Spanish Standard for the Quality of Digital Educational Materials UNE 71362. The results obtained show the difficulty of ensuring a good level of accessibility to digital educational materials, concluding that most creators and evaluators did not apply the guidelines due to either ignorance or difficulties. In order to minimise this problem, a new research approach has been taken based on unifying and abstracting the technology accessibility indicators from the regulations in force and integrating them, according to their applicability, transversally in the teaching and technological criteria of the new standard. This paper presents, explains and justifies this new approach in which the accessibility criteria are not isolated.

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Article cover
Published
2019-11-17
How to Cite
Moreno, L., Fernández-Pampillón, A. M., Sarasa, A., Rodrigo, C., García-Villalobos, J., González, Y., & García-Mata, R. (2019). How to interweave accessibility with didactic and technological quality of digital educational materials. Journal of Accessibility and Design for All, 9(2), 141-168. https://doi.org/10.17411/jacces.v9i2.193