An aircraft combination wheelchair seat suitable for aircraft aisles
AbstractAir travel is very restricted for individuals with mobility limitations and there is a need for the design of improved accommodation for individuals in wheelchairs on an aircraft. The aim of this paper is to present an aircraft wheelchair design, referred to as the Aircraft Combination Wheelchair Seat (ACWS), that meets the requirements of the dimensions of the Airbus A321 aircraft aisles and facilitates aircraft mobility. This study focuses on the process of the design and the analysis undertaken. The universal design approach ensures the product can be used for more than one function, including, the ability to be fully integrated into the airline seat or the reverse, to be detached from the seat frame. Finite element analysis performed on both options concluded that the product was technically feasible.
Chaluent, A. (2014). Travelling on an Airplane with a Wheelchair Guide All wheels up. Available at: https://www.allwheelsup.org/wheelchair-airplane-traveling-guide/ (Accessed 11th October 2017).
Chang, Y.-C., Chen, Ching-Fu. (2011). Identifying mobility service needs for disabled air passengers. Tourism Management, 32(5), 1214-1217. doi:10.1016/j.tourman.2010.11.001
Chang, Y.-C., Chen, Ching-Fu. (2012). Meeting the needs of disabled air passengers: Factors that facilitate help from airlines and airports. Tourism Management, 33(3), 529-536. doi:10.1016/j.tourman.2011.06.002
Chen, Y., Lehto, Xinran Y, Cai, Liping. (2013). Vacation and well-being: a study of chinese tourists. Annals of Tourism Research, 42, 284-310. doi:10.1016/j.annals.2013.02.003
Davies, A., & Christie, N., . (2017). An exploratory study of the experiences of wheelchair users as aircraft passengers - implications for policy and practice. IATSS, 41, 89-93.
DCLG. (2014). Department for Communities and Local Government: English Housing Survey 2012: Energy Efficiency of English Housing Report, p30, (online), available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/english-housing-survey-2012-energy-efficiency-of-english-housing-report (Accessed: 10 October 2017). In.
DPTAC. (2007). Disabled Persons Transport Advisory Committee: Design Specification for On-Board Wheelchair for Commercial Passenger Aircraft. In. London, UK: September 2007.
EC. (2007). European Commission: Rights of Disabled Persons and Persons with Reduced Mobility Travelling by Air. Brussels: European Disability Forum. In.
EC. (2011). European Commission: Functioning and Effects of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 July 2006 Concerning the Rights of Disabled Persons and Persons with Reduced Mobility When Travelling By Air. Brussels: European Disability Forum In.
EqualityAct(UK). (2010). In (Vol. chp. 1, sct. 6): Available at http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2010/15/section/6 (Accessed: 6th December 2017).
FAA. (1986). Federal Aviation Agency: Flammability Requirements for Aircraft Seat Cushions. In. USA, Washington D.C.: September 1986.
Jemiolo, W. (2015). Life Cycle Assessment of Current and Future Passenger Air Transport in Switzerland. (Master). University of Nordland, Norway.
Kokorikou, A., Vink, P, De Pauw, IC, Braca, A. (2016). Exploring the Design of a Lightweight Sustainable and Comfortable Aircraft Seat. Work 54(4), 941-954. doi:10.3233/WOR-162352
Maksel, R. (2008). What Determines an Airplane’s Lifespan? Air & Space Smithsonian. Available at https://www.airspacemag.com/need-to-know/what-determines-an-airplanes-lifespan-29533465/ (Accessed 25th February 2018) In.
McCabe, S., Joldersma, Thea, Li, Chunxiao. (2010). Understanding the benefits of social tourism: Linking participation to subjective well-being and quality of life. International Journal of Tourism Research, 12(6), 761-773. doi:10.1002/jtr.791
Morgan, N., Pritchard, A, Sedgley, D. (2015). Social tourism and well-being in later life. Annals of Tourism Research, 52, 1-15. doi:10.1016/j.annals.2015.02.015
Papworth, T. (2016). Disability in the United Kingdom Facts and Figure Available at:http://www.papworthtrust.org.uk/sites/default/files/Disability%20Facts%20and%20Figures%202016.pdf (Accessed 12th December 2017). In.
Pyke, S., Hartwell, H, Blake, A, Hemingway, A. (2016). Exploring well-being as a tourism product resource. Tourism Management, 55, 94-105. doi:10.1016/j.tourman.2016.02.004
Ragan, R., Kernozek, TW, Bidar, M, Matheson, JW. (2002). Seat-interface pressures on various thicknesses of foam wheelchair cushions: A finite modeling approach. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 83(6), 872-875. doi:10.1053/apmr.2002.32677
Red, C. (2014). The Outlook for Thermoplastics in Aerospace Composites, 2014-2023. In: CompositesWorld Available at: https://www.compositesworld.com/articles/the-outlook-for-thermoplastics-in-aerospace-composites-2014-2023 (Accessed 23rd February 2018).
Sawyer, C. (2012). The 2013 Cadillac ATS: Development Time Well Spent. Automotive Design & Production, 124, 32-34.
Schmeler, M., Bunning, ME. (2000). Properties of Seat Cushions’ In. Centre for Assistive Technology, UPMC University of Pittsburgh Available at: https://www.wheelchairnet.org/WCN_WCU/SlideLectures/MS/2Cushions.pdf (Accessed 20th December 2017).
Scott, A. (2017). Exclusive: Boeing’s Space Taxis to use More Than 600 3D-printed Parts. Reuters Available at https://www.reuters.com/article/us-boeing-space-exclusive/exclusive-boeings-space-taxis-to-use-more-than-600-3d-printed-parts-idUSKBN15I1HW (Accessed 12th March 2018) In.
Smith, M. K., Diekmann, A. (2017). Tourism and wellbeing. Annals of Tourism Research, 66, 1-13. doi:10.1016/j.annals.2017.05.006
Sonenblum, S., Vonk, TE, Janssen, TW, Sprigle, SH. (2014). Effects of Wheelchair Cushions and Pressure Relied Maneuvers on Ischial Interface Pressure and Blook Flow in People with Spinal Cord Injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 95(7), 1350-1357. doi:10.1016/j.apmr.2014.01.007
Turco, D., Stumbo, N, Garncarz J. (1998). Tourism Constraints for people with disabilities. Parks & Recreation, 33(9), 78-84.
UN. (2006). United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and Optional Protocol. In: Available at: https://www.un.org/development/desa/disabilities/convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities.html (Accessed 15th December 2017)
Veazey, D., Hsu, T, Gomez, ED. (2017). Next generation high-performance carbon fiber thermoplastic composites based on polyaryletherketones. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 134(6). doi:10.1002/app.44441
Vellaichamy, S., Prakash, BG, Brun, S (1990). Optimum design of cutouts in laminated composite structures. Computers & Structures, 37(3), 241-246. doi:10.1016/0045-7949(90)90315-S
WHO. World Health Organisation Disabilities, Available at: http://www.who.int/topics/disabilities/en/ (Accessed: 8th December 2017). In.
Yau, M., McKercher, B, Packer, TL. (2004). Traveling with a disability: More than an Access Issue. Annals of Tourism Research, 31(4), 946-960. doi:10.1016/j.annals.2004.03.007
Yuen, H. (2001). Comparison of Three Wheelchair Cushions for Effectiveness of Pressure Relief. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 55(4), 470-475.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Danielle Katz, Aziza Mahomed
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share or adapt the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. Use of the work for commercial purposes are not allowed.
- Authors are able to publish the journal's published version of the work in other media (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as far as they inform the Journal of Accessibility and Design for All of that fact. When publishing their work in other sources, authors must mention the name of the Journal of Accessibility and Design for All, its ISSN, the number and issue in which the article was published and a link to the main page of the Journal of Accessibility and Design for All. Optionally, they can also include a link to the article published in the Journal of Accessibility and Design for All.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website), as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.